Wal-Mart Stores Inc. is changing strategies in China, to reach an agreement to forge an alliance with one of the biggest e-commerce players in the country rather than continue trying to enter the fast-growing market, but competition itself same.
Wal-Mart in ChinaWal-Mart said Monday it will sell its website Yihaodian to JD.com Inc., the second largest online retailer in China, after the US Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. Wal-Mart will receive a 5% stake in JD.com , valued at approximately $ 1.5 billion at recent prices, and access to the network and delivering JD.com buyers.
JD.com American Depository shares rose 4.6% to $ 21.06 on the Nasdaq Stock Market amid the news, which was previously reported by The Wall Street Journal. Shares of Wal-Mart rose slightly to $ 71.10 on the New York Stock Exchange.
Chinese retail landscape has become fierce as the economy slows and consumer buying behavior moves online and for purchases of mobile phones much faster than in the United States and Alibaba JD.com are fighting for customers , promising delivery in less than an hour in some cities and pushing in rural villages. Wal-Mart has struggled to expand in the country, although it receives about a third of its US $ 482.1 million in annual sales outside the US The chain opened its first store in China in 1996, but only has about 430 there today, or one tenth more than in the US traffic Chinese foot Wal-Mart has fallen for nine consecutive quarters, although spending per trip is increasing.
YihaodianThe retailer first invested in Yihaodian in 2012 and took full control of the company last year. The website has built a niche in grocery sales, but represents only 1.5% of the market of electronic commerce retail China, according to consultancy iResearch. JD.com and Alibaba together command about 80% of the market.
"We have seen that high quality US retailers are going to China and not be so successful," said Charlie O'Shea, retail analyst at Moody lead. Union with JD.com "gives Wal-Mart a recess in China, it will be difficult to do it on your own," he said. The sale allows Wal-Mart to increase rapidly to online sales nationwide in China, said Dan Toporek, a spokesman. Yihaodian is strong in southern and eastern China, he said, but JD.com "greatly expands our reach to a much broader set of customers in China and also provides a physical network for delivery."
As part of the agreement, Wal-Mart is giving up its right to initiate a new Chinese website, but can still run your applications and local websites Club of Wal-Mart and SAM'S, according to financial documents. The company expects the transaction will increase the benefit by a range of 16 cents to 19 cents per share in the current quarter.
Wal-Mart said in July last year that it had taken full control of Yihaodian of its minority partner, paying $ 760 million for the 49% stake it did not own. Wal-Mart executives have said they want to move faster to grab a market of online shopping and growing Chinese mobile larger piece, slowing the growth of its store expansion in the country.
JD in ChinaJD.com, such as Wal-Mart, has focused on direct sales to consumers. It has sought to expand its offerings as it competes with the largest Alibaba, which operates the consumer website Taobao consumer and merchant-consumer market-Tmall. Unlike Alibaba, JD.com built largely out of their own logistics network, including dozens of stores and tens of thousands of workers delivery.
JD.com has been eroding the market share of Alibaba, and revenue growth has exceeded Alibaba over the past seven quarters. Still, its market share in selling products online to consumers is about 23%, compared with 58% of TMALL, according to consultancy iResearch. Competition has intensified in the niche grocery Yihaodian as local retailers in China have gone online and many new companies have entered the field of selling things as diverse as imported avocados and dishwashing detergent. JD.com The agreement will help expand its selection of products imported using the supply chain Wal-Mart, Toporek, spokesman for Wal-Mart said.
JD.com has strengthened its food supply, for example, through its investment in FruitDay, a retail Chinese products online, and is expanding imports, including signing agreements with Australian companies milk and meat producers and US vegetables.
Morgan Stanley advised Wal-Mart in the last agreement, while JD.com did not have a financial advisor.